The tradition of carved jade disks called a bi began in China before the invention of writing. Dating back to Neolithic times, it's believed they represent the heavens. Later as the culture changed, so did the meaning and the value of the more contemporary jade bi. There are similar shapes in the local design vernacular of other cultures too. Old world and New, East and West, these flat circular forms have found their forever homes in gardens. When you see them in so many different cultural milieus, the realization is that this is truly a universal sculpture. Such large forms belong in gardens where a sense of the spiritual is not defined by religious icons.

There's another curious coincidence as well. They're often associated with fine textured, strap leaf plants in gardens. A fluffy base of strap leaves provides the essential fine texture against the standing disk's gross one. These plants provide the setting to enhance the character of the form, which is a solid mass. The size of these plants at maturity is matched to that of the disk to mask it slightly for mystery, or to expose it just so.

The best example comes from Museo Frida Khalo in Coyoacan, Mexico. Frida and Diego collected pre-Columbian art, which still decorates this famous garden today. A thick carved doughnut excavated from an Aztec ball court, is an appreciation of culture and heritage. The dark stone stands out in high contrast amidst a mass of yellow variegated Liriopes bright enough to draw our attention with natural light.

Mill stones are another disk that is a remnant of past industry. Salvaged from antique mills, they are heavy but still available at reasonable prices. When standing on edge, their mass can be large enough to be anchored by exceptional planting. A collection of them are an opportunity to repeat this circular form throughout a larger garden. Stone wheels from farm sharpening stones are another more affordable option, widely available on the cheap in agricultural areas. They are stone and designed to be used, so these disks are tough and weather resistant.

Though not a stone disk, the sudden popularity of spoke wheels and large gears from early farm and industrial machinery are the salvage solution. Always perfectly round with a hole in the middle, they are essentially a thinner disk. These are usually rusty and decomposing so they'll need a wilder looking setting for that "forgotten landscape" look of re-vegetation. In western states dryland plants and natives can be arranged the same way. Hunting for just the right disk makes junk shopping worthwhile.

This whole composition is subtle, so it doesn't belong out in the middle of the yard. Let it sit within a natural setting where it blends into your existing landscaping. Use plants that work in your area to "nest" the object so it appears to have been there a long time. This is the "settled in" look that makes them visually belong in that space or planting milieu.

For some, making the disk stand up can be a challenge. It helps to bury the bottom a few inches deep and pack the soil around it for anchorage. Add staking or shims or any other method necessary to stabilize the disk from being blown or pushed over, then cover it all up with a lot of strap leaf plants.

Some great plants for achieving these looks without growing too large include:

Festuca glauca Blue Fescue Zone 4

Liriope 'Silvery Sunproof' Liriope Zone 6

Ophiopogon japonicus Mondo Grass Zone 10

Nassella tenuissima Mexican Feather Grass Zone 6

Every garden deserves a special place with a circular element linked in the ancient world to the heavens. Whether it's the wheel off Grandad's Model A or a priceless antique, it becomes the circle of life embodied in a single object. No matter the material or source; in garden design, it is simply the form that matters.


Maureen Gilmer is an author, horticulturist and landscape designer. Learn more at www.MoPlants.com. Contact her at mogilmer@yahoo.com or P.O. Box 891, Morongo Valley, CA 92256.